Interpleader Lawyer

Interpleader Lawyer Arkansas

Our Arkansas interpleader lawyers handle all life insurance interpleader cases and beneficiary disputes.

A life insurance interpleader case is a legal action that occurs when there are conflicting claims to the proceeds of a life insurance policy. The insurance company files an interpleader complaint with the court and deposits the policy proceeds with the court, asking the court to decide who is entitled to receive the money. The insurance company then names all the potential beneficiaries as defendants in the suit and is usually discharged from further liability.

Life insurance claims in Arkansas are frequently denied, and here are some reasons why life insurance claims may be denied:

Material misrepresentation: This means that the policyholder lied or omitted important information on the life insurance application, such as medical history, tobacco use, risky hobbies or occupations. If the insurer discovers this during the contestability period (usually two years after the policy is issued), it may cancel the policy or increase the premiums. If the lie is very serious, the insurer may consider it fraud and deny the claim even after the contestability period.

Contestable circumstances: These are situations that raise suspicion or doubt about the cause of death of the policyholder, such as suicide, homicide, accidental death or death in a foreign country. The insurer may investigate these cases more thoroughly and require additional evidence or documentation before paying the claim. If the insurer finds that the death was not covered by the policy terms or exclusions, it may deny the claim.

Documentation failure: This means that the beneficiaries did not provide the necessary documents to prove their identity and relationship to the policyholder, or that they made errors or mistakes in filling out the claim forms. The insurer may delay or deny the claim if the documentation is incomplete, incorrect or missing.

Lack of beneficiary awareness: This means that the beneficiaries did not know about the existence of the life insurance policy or how to file a claim. While most insurers conduct database checks for the death of policyholders and notify beneficiaries, some may not do so in a timely manner. The beneficiaries may also have trouble locating or accessing the policy documents or contacting the insurer. This may result in a delayed or missed claim.


Arkansas Life Insurance Interpleader Cases

A life insurance beneficiary dispute and subsequent interpleader can arise for several reasons, typically involving disagreements or uncertainties regarding the rightful beneficiary or beneficiaries of a life insurance policy. Here are some common scenarios that may lead to such disputes:

  1. Multiple Beneficiaries: When a policyholder designates more than one beneficiary, conflicts may arise if the beneficiaries disagree on how the death benefit should be distributed among them. Disputes can be about the allocation of proceeds, the validity of the beneficiary designations, or the fairness of the distribution.
  2. Change in Beneficiary Designation: If the policyholder changes the beneficiary designation shortly before their death or while facing serious illness, questions may arise about their mental capacity, coercion, or the timing of the change. This can lead to disputes between the new and previous beneficiaries.
  3. Beneficiary Predeceases the Policyholder: If a beneficiary named in the policy dies before the policyholder, it can lead to confusion about who should receive the death benefit. The policyholder may not have updated the beneficiary designation to reflect the change in circumstances.
  4. Contingent Beneficiary Disputes: When a policy designates primary and contingent beneficiaries, disputes can arise if the primary beneficiaries cannot be located or if there are disputes among the contingent beneficiaries.
  5. Ambiguity in Designation: In some cases, the beneficiary designation may be unclear or contain errors, such as misspelled names or incomplete information, leading to disputes over the intended beneficiary.
  6. Legal Challenges: Beneficiaries may challenge the validity of the policy itself, claiming that it was obtained fraudulently, that the policyholder lacked mental capacity, or that they were coerced into purchasing it. These challenges can further complicate the beneficiary determination process.

An interpleader is a legal remedy employed by the life insurance company in cases of beneficiary disputes. The insurance company initiates an interpleader lawsuit to deposit the policy proceeds with the court and asks the court to determine the rightful beneficiary or beneficiaries. This helps the insurance company avoid potential liability for paying the wrong beneficiary and ensures that the proceeds are distributed according to the court’s decision.

The interpleader process typically involves the following steps:

  1. The insurance company files a lawsuit in court, naming all potential beneficiaries as defendants, along with the deceased policyholder’s estate.
  2. The insurance company deposits the death benefit amount with the court.
  3. The court conducts an investigation to determine the rightful beneficiary, considering the evidence and arguments presented by the parties involved.
  4. Once the court decides on the beneficiary, it directs the disbursement of the death benefit accordingly.

Interpleader can be a necessary and impartial way to resolve beneficiary disputes, ensuring that the insurance company is not caught in the middle of conflicting claims and that the funds are distributed in accordance with the law.

You should contact our Arkansas life insurance interpleader lawyers today for a free consultation.

How an Arkansas Interpleader Lawsuit Works

An Arkansas Interpleader Case Background:

Mr. Anderson, a successful business owner, held a substantial life insurance policy with Life Insurance Company such as American Income Life, USAA Life, or Fidelity Life. Unfortunately, he passed away unexpectedly. The life insurance policy listed two potential beneficiaries: his sister, Lisa, and his business partner, Alex.

Beneficiary Dispute:

Both Lisa and Alex claimed to be the rightful beneficiary of the life insurance proceeds. Lisa argued that Mr. Anderson had verbally expressed his intention to make her the sole beneficiary, while Alex insisted that they had a written agreement that entitled him to the proceeds as a key person in the business.

Interpleader Claim Initiation:

In light of the conflicting claims, Life Insurance Company decided to file a life insurance interpleader claim in the appropriate court. They deposited the policy proceeds with the court and submitted the necessary documentation, naming Lisa and Alex as defendants in the interpleader action.

Court Proceedings:

The court would then summon Lisa and Alex to present their cases. Lisa would have the opportunity to provide any evidence supporting her claim, such as witness statements or any documentation suggesting Mr. Anderson’s verbal intent. On the other hand, Alex would present the written agreement and argue that it supersedes any verbal communication.


The court, in its role as a neutral party, would evaluate the evidence presented by both parties. The goal is to determine the rightful beneficiary of the life insurance proceeds. If the court cannot definitively decide, the funds deposited by Life Insurance Company would be distributed equitably or as determined by the court.


Life insurance interpleader claims are essential in cases of beneficiary disputes, ensuring a fair and impartial resolution while protecting the insurance company from potential legal repercussions. This hypothetical scenario illustrates the complexity and importance of such interpleader claims in navigating beneficiary conflicts.

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